Thanks to this the city received the status of cultural capital of Siberia.
Today, after almost four centuries from the foundation, Krasnoyarsk is the major industrial, transport, scientific, cultural and sporting center of the East Siberia and the capital of the second largest region of Russia. There are large- and medium enterprises functioning in the city.
English United Kingdom United States. So, Krasnoyarsk became the major traffic centre of Siberia. Other holidays and cultural events are the Mana Festival Russian: At the time of industrial rise both electrical power industry and related enterprises like ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, pulp-and-paper industry, medical and chemical industries were created here. No matter what country it does not matter what religion.
Moreover, for years Krasnoyarsk has been recognized as one of the most comfortable city in Russia. This hole, chosen for stockaded town, was named the Red Dubenskoy, quite probably not because of the precipitous bank colour but for the beauty of this place. In , when the building plan was approved in Tobolsk and Moscow, the men led by Andrei Anufrievich Dubenskoy had been equipped for campaign.
With great difficulties the expedition reached the place and began to build the stockaded town in the middle of summer It is necessary to note that local residents were very peaceful to Cossacks and even helped in construction. At the end of July Kirghiz tested the patience of the new erected stockaded town and its defenders. The attack was successfully repulsed as the other further assaults on Siberian stronghold. At times the stockaded town had been under a siege for months, but never been seized by enemies.
That was the previous name of Krasnoyarsk. In Krasnoyarsk received status of the city. Krasnoyarsk lost the strategically importance of the military outpost after the Yenisei Kirghiz defeat, the departure of some of their princes to the Tien-Shan foothills, after the Abakan and Sayan stockaded towns building and the signing of the Peace Treaty at Kyahta with Manchuria in But in spite of peace time the city did not develop.
In the Yenisei province, established at times of Peter the First, was liquidated. This province covered almost the whole Krai. Territory of the Krasnoyarsk Uezd entered three regions ruled by governor-general: Tobolskoe, Kolyvanskoe and Irkutskoe. Krasnoyarsk was subordinated to Tobolsk, but anyway it preserved its previous administrative significance.
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Since Krasnoyarsk was subordinated to Tomsk, which became the principal city of a province. The transformation of Krasnoyarsk from the big frontier stronghold to a usual small Siberian town had an impact on all spheres of its life.
At the last quarter of the century the city appearance had no reminder about fighting past. In the awful fire, which left only 30 houses untouched, destroyed all fortifications. During Stalinist times, Krasnoyarsk was a major center of the gulag system. During World War II, dozens of factories were evacuated from Ukraine and Western Russia to Krasnoyarsk and nearby towns, stimulating the industrial growth of the city. After the war additional large plants were constructed: Beginning in , the United States demanded its removal, until the Soviet Union admitted the radar station was a violation in Equipment was slowly removed from the site and by it was officially declared to be dismantled, though the equipment from the site was likely relocated to a new site near Komsomolsk-na-Amure.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and beginning of privatization , many large plants and factories, such as the Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant , became owned by alleged criminal authorities and oligarchs , while others were declared bankrupt. The economic transition resulted in a dramatic rise in unemployment and numerous strikes.
The best known financial scandal of the second half of s happened when ownership of the Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant by a known Krasnoyarsk businessman Anatoliy Bykov had been canceled after he was accused of murdering his partner, Vilor Struganov. The accusation eventually turned out to be false. Since the election of Pyotr Pimashkov as the mayor of Krasnoyarsk in , the appearance of the city gradually improved: Now the majority of the city keeps only a few traces of its former, drab, post-collapse look. Krasnoyarsk is the administrative center of the krai. Its climate in July and January is very similar to that of Fort McMurray and Winnipeg in Canada, the latter of which is a good deal further south geographically.
Compared to Thompson, Manitoba , or Labrador City at similar latitudes, Krasnoyarsk's winters are relatively mild. Compared to European cities on a similar latitude, Krasnoyarsk has much warmer summers, but much colder and longer winters for example, Aalborg , Denmark. The summer is also on average warmer than similar inland latitudes of Scandinavia , owing to Siberia 's greater continentality. Very few major cities on earth have higher differentials between summer and winter temperatures than Krasnoyarsk.
The population count by year: Population count by districts Census: The population of Krasnoyarsk includes a number of peoples, the most numerous are Russians , Ukrainians , Tatars , Germans , and Belarusians. Lately the number of Tajiks , Uzbeks and other Central Asian and Caucasian peoples has grown extensively because of the vast, often illegal immigration in search for work. Another populous immigrant group is the Chinese who, unlike other foreign workers , are employed in much more lucrative areas and often form business partnerships with local companies.
There are a number of historical buildings in Krasnoyarsk, the oldest of them being the Intercession Cathedral Russian: Other locally significant samples of Russian Orthodox architecture are the Annunciation Cathedral Russian: On the top of the Karaulnaya Hill, originally a pagan shrine, later occupied by the Krasnoyarsk fort watchtower, the Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel , rebuilt still stands.
The chapel, displayed on the ruble note, is one of the iconic images of the city. The chapel was abandoned and fell into disrepair during the Soviet era and only when Perestroyka came was it regained by the Yenisei bishopric. Another unofficial symbol of Krasnoyarsk is the incomplete story tower located at Strelka.
Construction of the tower had been started just before Perestroyka and then frozen due to the administrative crisis. The outline of the tower is clearly seen from many places in the city. This structure, one of the longest at the time, was constructed between and to an award-winning design by Lavr Proskuryakov. When approved for the inscription on the World Heritage List in , the bridge was described by the UNESCO as "an early representation of a typical parabolic polygonal truss bridge in Russia" which became "a testing ground for the application of engineering theories and the development of new innovative solutions, which had numerous successors"  [ permanent dead link ].
Among other notable buildings are the mansions of the merchant Nikolay Gadalov beginning of the 20th century , the Roman Catholic Transfiguration Chapel Russian: There are a number of two-story wooden houses in the city built mostly in the middle of the 20th century as temporary habitations. Many urbanized villages located inside the city keep the remnants of the traditional Russian village architecture: There are a number of local holidays celebrated annually in Krasnoyarsk.
The most significant holiday is the Day of the City celebrated in June, usually with a carnival. Other holidays and cultural events are the Mana Festival Russian: Krasnoyarsk has a number of local television companies and the highly developed telecommunications , many districts of the city have LAN -based broadband Internet access. The city is also home to the Krasnoyarsk Children's Choir , a world-renowned choir that tours in many countries as The Little Eagles of Siberia.
Next to Novosibirsk , Krasnoyarsk is a prominent scientific and educational center of Siberia , with over 30 higher education facilities, many of which are the branches of the Russian Academy of Science , and about high schools. The most notable higher education institutes are:. Like Novosibirsk , Krasnoyarsk has a special city district called Akademgorodok "Academic Town" , where several scientific research institutes are located. Krasnoyarsk's Institute of Biophysics is known for a — experiment on ecological isolation of human beings the " Bios Experiment ".
Sukachev Institute of Forest , founded in at Moscow and relocated to Krasnoyarsk in There are several museums in Krasnoyarsk. One is the Krasnoyarsk Regional Museum , containing historical items and exhibits of the region, including ancient history, native Siberians, and woolly rhinos. An underground system three lines has been in planning and construction phases in Krasnoyarsk for decades. The first three stations have not been opened yet, but several construction sites around the city are visible. The date of the opening is uncertain, as works on the system have been stopped since Krasnoyarsk lies on the Yenisei River and historically has been an important junction on the Trans-Siberian Railway.
Krasnoyarsk-Passenger is the main railway station of Krasnoyarsk. Long range trains of Trans-Siberian Railway stop at this station. There are some stations served by Elektrichka and there is Krasnoyarsk-East goods station Krasnoyarsk was served by two airports: Cheremshanka has lost its eminent role as the main base airport for an extensive network of local air services MVL in Krasnoyarsk Region formerly served by the local Aeroflot Krasnoyarsk Directorate. In December a fire broke out at the Cheremshanka airport which destroyed the terminal building and the air traffic control tower.
Stolby is also a major rock climbing location. Many local climbers intentionally do not use any belaying equipment and call their extreme sport stolbizm , known elsewhere as solo climbing. Other popular showplaces include the Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station dam, the Karaulnaya Gora hill with the Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel , museums, theaters, etc.